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Hepatitis B seropositive during five years (2014 to 2018) in AL Qassim region, Saudi Arabia: cross section study


Hepatitis B virus is a global public health problem because it is mortality higher than other major infectious diseases, for example, Human Immunodeficiency virus and tuberculosis. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of the Hepatitis B virus infection in Al Qassim region, the kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


A cross-sectional study was conducted for hepatitis B cases in Al Qassim region for the period of five years from January 2014 to December 2018 the thorough review all the hepatitis B virus record on The Preventive Medicine Department, Qassim region. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 23.


The prevalence of hepatitis B was 0.33% through five years in Al Qassim region, Onyizah city was the highest prevalence at 0.82%, and in 2014 was higher prevalence 0.075% than other years. Only one case registered among children for five years (2014 to 2018). Cases were highest 475(99%) among those who were over 20 years old and among male 268(56%) more than female. Cases were more common in Saudi people 373(78%) than non-Saudi. Health Survey 140(29%) and premarital test 112 (23%) are the best way to discovered cases.


This study showed a marked reduction in Hepatitis B virus among children and the prevalence of hepatitis B virus in Al Qassim region is lowest than other areas in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia during five years (2014 to 2018).