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Increase number of Covid-19 cases among holy mosque worker in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia, June 2021


A large population lives in Makkah, and many visitors in different seasons make it a critical study area. Multiple COVID-19 foci in Makkah, vast in numbers, and no study was done to investigate this event epidemiologically. Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate the distribution and magnitude of multiple COVID-19 foci in Makkah


Confirmed COVID-19 patients information's obtained from the surveillance system in Makkah Regional Health Affairs directorate and health care sectors to be studied epidemiologically using The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software for analysis.


Total of 2234 COVID-19 patients were founded in this COVID-19 foci study. Most of them were Female (n=1256), aged younger than 40 years (66.8%), Saudi national (n=2090) and lived in Makkah (n=2150). Family source is the most common (64.4%). Teachers are the highest frequency of employee (n=603/2234). Duration since take vaccine associated with gender, residency, condition stability, confirm exposure (p=0.00, 0.05, 0.00, 0.03 respectively). Students are highly contact in home and work (p=0.00 for both), and employee higher only in work (p=0.00). There is a big difference in the mean ages of the following domains: condition stability, vaccinated, and second dose receivers.


Females need to be more vaccinated. Holy mosque employee not at risk of COVID-19, but teachers are highly vulnerable. A large awareness campaign needed for social encouragement to take vaccine. Further investigation is needed to apply better preventive measures.